Tuesday, June 2, 2020

Scholarships with August and September Deadlines

HomeFinanceScholarshipsScholarships with August and September DeadlinesThis page may contain affiliate links.Aug 5, 2015 Looking for money to pay for college? Dont wait, apply to these 18 scholarships with August and September 2015 deadlines.   Race To Inspire Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $500 Eligibility:  Participants must be able to verify enrollment for college at an accredited university inside the USA during the fall semester of the same year the essay is submitted. Notes:  Whether you ran a 5K, 10K, half marathon, or marathon, write a short essay explaining what inspired you to run, what challenges you faced, and what you learned through the experience. Prepare an essay sharing your race story between 1,000 and 2,000 words in length. Send your essay to [emailprotected] with â€Å"Race to Inspire – Scholarship† in the subject line Deadline: August 15, 2015    Checks Superstore Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $1,000 Eligibility: Must be a US citizen and a full-time student attending (or planning to attend on a full-time basis) an accredited institution of higher education. Deadline:  Aug 15, 2015    Tutor the People Essay Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $1000 Eligibility: High School Juniors through College Seniors   The Tutor the People Essay Scholarship is open to current high school seniors and undergraduate students attending an institution in the United States. You must be at least 16 years of age, be in good academic standing, have a minimum  GPA  of 3.0 and submit a 500 to 1,000 word personal response to the prompt on the sponsor’s website in order to qualify for this award. Deadline:  Aug 15, 2015    CollegeSTEPS Sweepstakes Type: Essay Award: $1000 Eligibility: Open to full or part-time students who are in an accredited secondary or post-secondary educational institution or program. To enter, you must enroll in the Wells Fargo CollegeSTEPS educational resource program. Deadline:  8/13/15    Courage to Grow Scholarship Type:  Essay Eligibility:  Student must be a junior or senior in high school and have a minimum 2.5 GPA. It is open to US citizens only. Notes:  Must write a 250 word essay explaining why you deserve the scholarship; Past winners have discussed overcoming such obstacles as foster care, living in a poor neighborhood, attending low-income schools, and working hard toward a career goal. Award:  $500 Deadline:  Ã‚  August 31, 2015    Arctic Physical Therapy Scholarship Type: Essay Eligibility: Must be attending a college or university no later than January of 2016 and have a GPA of 3.0 or greater during the last academic year. Award: $500 Deadline:  Aug 31, 2015    Vectorworks Design Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $10,000 Eligibility: Must be enrolled or accepted for enrollment in undergraduate or graduate studies for six or more credits at an accredited college or university, and pursuing a design-oriented degree. Deadline:  Aug 31, 2015    SwissGear Ultimate Backpack Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $5,000 Eligibility: Incoming college freshman for the fall 2015 academic semester or a current undergraduate or graduate student that is enrolled by August 31, 2015 at any accredited two or four year college, university or institute. Deadline:  Aug 31, 2015    Clubs of America Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $1,000 Eligibility: Any current college student of an accredited U.S. college or university with a cumulative GPA of at least 3.0 is welcome to apply. Deadline:  Aug 31, 2015    CreditRepair.com Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $3000 Eligibility: Any current, full-time, student of an accredited US university or college with a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.5 is welcome to apply. There is no age requirement. Deadline:  Aug 31, 2015    Commerce Bank Scholarship Sweepstakes Type: Sweepstakes Award: $2500 Eligibility: 18 years and older.  The Commerce Bank Scholarship Sweepstakes is open to students enrolled in a post-secondary educational institution. Winners will be selected at random. Deadline:  Aug 31, 2015    S.L.A.C. Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $500 Eligibility: SLAC Scholars are selected on a rolling basis from a national applicant pool of college freshmen, sophomores and juniors. Deadline:  Sept 15, 2015    Glamours 2016 Top 10 College Women Competition Type: Essay Award: $20,000 Eligibility: Glamour Magazine provides nine $3,000 and one $20,000 scholarship to women who are full-time juniors in college. All winners will also receive a trip to New York City and recognition in the magazine.   Deadline:      U.S. Bank Financial Genius Scholarship Type: Application and Online Class Award: $5000 Eligibility: The U.S. Bank Financial Genius Scholarship is available to high school seniors and college undergraduate students who complete all eight Financial Genius for Life education modules located at atwork.everfi.net/usbankscholarship. You must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident to be eligible for this award. Deadline:  September 17, 2015 Tweet for Success Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $5000 Eligibility: If you are a current undergraduate student, you may be eligible for one of four $500 scholarships provided through this fun contest. No application is needed, just a simple tweet to explain the benefits of online courses and degrees vs. traditional schooling.   Deadline: September 18, 2015.    Hit the Books Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $500 Eligibility: Eligible students will be aged 18-25 and enrolled in an accredited college or university. Deadline:  Sep 30, 2015    Odenza Marketing Group Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $500 Eligibility: In order to apply for the Odenza Marketing Group Fall Scholarship you must like our facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/odenza and write two small essays. Deadline:  Sept 30, 2015    JW Surety Bonds Scholarship Type: Essay Award: $1000 Eligibility: The JW Surety Bonds Scholarship is open to current college students. You must submit an informational article of between 500 and 1,000 words on one of the sponsor approved topics in order to qualify for this award. Videos of between one and five minutes and slideshows of between 10 and 30 slides are also acceptable. Deadline:  Sept 30, 2015 Road2College Debbie Schwartz is former financial services executive and founder of Road2College and the Paying For College 101 Facebook group. She's dedicated to providing families with trustworthy information about college admissions and paying for college. With data, tools and access to experts she's helping families become educated consumers of higher ed. View all posts CATEGORIES FinanceScholarships TAGS ScholarshipsNEWER POSTThe R2C Takeaway Wk of 8/24OLDER POSTShould You Use The College Board Search Tool To Research Colleges?

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Media Vocabulary for English Learners

There is no doubt that the media plays an important role in everyone’s life. The vocabulary we associate with it is extremely rich and varied. Essentially, there are two main types of media-related vocabulary: vocabulary related to the printed word and vocabulary related to the spoken word, as used in broadcasts on radio, TV, or through the internet.   You can study the vocabulary below and take the gap-fill quiz at the end to check your understanding of some of the terms. You’ll find the answers at the bottom of the article. You can also use these tips on learning vocabulary to help you remember the words on this list. Types of Print Media BannerBillboardBookJournalMagazineNewspaperTabloid Types of News Hard newsSoft newsFeatureArticleEditorialColumnReviewBreaking newsNews bulletin Newspaper / Magazine Sections InternationalPoliticsBusinessOpinionTechnologyScienceHealthSportsArtsStyleFoodTravel Types of Advertising CommercialNative AdvertisementAdSpotAdvertainmentBillboardSponsored   People in Print ColumnistEditorJournalistEditorialistCopy editorPaparazzi People on Television AnnouncerAnchor (person / man / woman)ReporterWeather (person / man / woman)Sports / Weather reporterAssignment reporter People Consuming Media ConsumersTarget audienceDemographic Media Type TVCablePublic TelevisionRadioOnlinePrint Other Related Words and Phrases Public service announcementPrimetimeEmbedded reporterBylineScoop Media Quiz Use each word or phrase once to fill in the gaps. editorials, bylines, scoop, prime time, public service announcement, embedded reporters, paparazzi, sponsors, copy editors, target audience, anchormen and anchorwomen, journals, tabloids, public TV, cable TV, billboard There’s no doubt that the media plays a huge role in everyone’s life. From driving down the freeway and seeing a _____________ to looking at photos of celebrities taken by _________ in the _________ at your local supermarket, everyone is someone’s ______________ for advertising. You would think that one way to avoid ads would be by watching ___________. Yet, many TV stations have ____________ as well. For example, if you watch ____________ during ____________, you’ll be bombarded with the paid-for commercials. However, some media isn’t so bad. You can subscribe to quarterly academic ______________. Their articles are reviewed by _____________, and the writing is often excellent. In newspapers, feel free to check the _____________ on the articles. They will provide you with the authors name and sometimes even with a link to his or her social media. Or, you can read _____________ to get important opinions on trending news. Another idea is to follow certain TV stations, as many of them have great news coverage. They often have _______________ who visit war zones and cover the news on the scene. It is called a ___________ if a TV channel is the only one reporting on a story. To get an overview of the day’s news, you can also listen to the ___________ presenting the main stories of the day. Finally, many people also depend on the TV stations to provide ___________________ in case of an emergency. Media Quiz Answers There’s no doubt that the media plays a huge role in everyone’s life. From driving down the freeway and seeing a billboard to looking at photos of celebrities taken by paparazzi in the tabloids at your local supermarket, everyone is someone’s target audience for advertising. You would think that one way to avoid ads would be by watching public TV. Yet, many TV stations have sponsors as well. For example, if you watch cable TV  during primetime, you’ll be bombarded with the paid-for commercials. However, some media isn’t so bad. You can subscribe to quarterly academic journals. Their articles are reviewed by copy editors, and the writing is often excellent. In newspapers, feel free to check the bylines on the articles. They will provide you with the authors name and sometimes even with a link to his or her social media. Or, you can read editorials to get important opinions on trending news. Another idea is to follow certain TV stations, as many of them have great news coverage. They often have embedded reporters who visit war zones and cover the news on the scene. It is called a scoop  if a TV channel is the only one reporting on a story. To get an overview of the day’s news, you can also listen to the anchormen and anchorwomen presenting the main stories of the day. Finally, many people also depend on the TV stations to provide public service announcements in case of an emergency.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

`` Death Of Discourse `` By Ronald K. L. Collins And David...

Two law professors, Ronald K. L. Collins and David M. Skover, in their novel, Death of Discourse illustrate the near tyrannical pleasure that Americans live under and the effects of this bliss in dulling the intellectual values of communication. Collins and Skover’s purpose is to enlighten the audience of how America’s glorified first amendment is warped into a means of blinding the public of society’s malfeasance. The two take on an edifying and forthright tone in order to allow the readers to gain clarity on how the media is warping american society; to show americans just exactly how the first amendment is misused. Collins and Skover starts the piece by defining discourse and relating it back to the works of Aristotle, a greater allusion to the systems of communications in the past, as well as they describe America’s current interpretation of discourse through it’s personal interpretation of free speech. The authors state, â€Å"To communicate with uninhibited liberty, to talk in the vernacular of the popular culture, to express that culture’s tastes, is the way of free speech in America.†(1) In painting this picture of a typical american’s use of free speech, the authors go against their previous depiction of Aristotle’s beliefs, which were the use of expression for some greater means or establishment of character. Having these two contrasting ideals defined supports their ideal of america’s misuse of their First Amendment. Effectively, by providing the allusion to Greek

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Asian vs the Middle East English Language Skill and Confidence Term Paper

Essays on Asian vs the Middle East English Language Skill and Confidence Term Paper The paper â€Å"Asian vs the Middle East English Language Skill and Confidence" is a motivating example of a term paper on English. Language is the medium of communication between two parties. For any message to pass through the two parties must have similar communication skills. Globalization has triggered the need to have a common language for people to communicate effectively. Language has therefore crossed borders and most people have studied foreign languages (Dash, Jung, 2005). The English language can be said to be one language that has been widely spread throughout the world and is spoken en-mass. This has included trade and regional groupings.For a rich language the practice makes perfect and though one is taught then practicing the use of the language will help the individual in mastering it. In order to bridge the gap in communication one language has to be taught to the populations for effective communication. Learning a second language makes a person more confident and proud thus it is important. In these two regions, English has continually been used as a second language since most of the other languages never apply beyond borders (Widdowson, 2003).Whichever dialect of English that one speaks it must make him/her communicate effectively in skill and be confident while using it (Wakelin, 2008). The history of English may be long and complicated since it was believed to be spoken in west-Germany from the dialect of Anglo-Frisian and Old Saxon but was later brought to Britain. English since then has been portrayed to be from the British (Wakelin, 2008).The use of English in other parts may have been spread since the colonial period with most colonies of English speaking nations picking on the language as the dominant official language. Some of these countries are India, Ireland, Singapore, Canada, New Zealand, Philippines, among others.The English language in Asia has been spoken in several dialects which include Burmese, Hong Kong, Pakistan, India n, Malaysian, Philippine, Singapore, and Sri Lankan English. In the Middle East, most of the English is Arabic English (Arabish), Japanese (Japlish), South Korean (Konglish), and Russian (Runglish) which are mainly a mixture of other local dialects and English (Louise, 2005). The English language is a lingua franca of Asia and the Middle East and its use by a majority of the population needs to be effective so as to be confident and skillful in aspects of politics, ideologies, intellect, social, cultural, and religion (Robertson, 2005).This research focuses on the English language in the Asian and Middle East regions and how it has been furthered and its impact on the people’s confidence. It aims at identifying differences in culture regarding English language skills and confidence in that skill. This project will test the hypothesis: â€Å"that university students of Middle Eastern cultural background have higher confidence in English skill than Asian background university students and that Middle Eastern university students have poorer English grammar skills than Asian university students†. The project will ask the students how they feel about their English skills and then test them to test this hypothesis.Literature ReviewEnglish has proven to be indispensable as a language for international and international communication throughout the globe. According to Acar (2005) in Asia English remains used without other compromises, for example, in Southeast Asia, the language is the lingua franca for the region of ten states of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations). Due to this and other uses of English the English language teaching community globally has tremendously increased programs to sponsor English training.

The Humanity Of Inhumanity In Grendel, By John Gardner

The inhumanity of humanity is an intriguing paradox explored by John Gardner in his 1971 work, Grendel. Little is definitively known about the physique of the novel’s eponym, Grendel, but he is portrayed as decidedly inhuman; Grendel dwells on the skirts of humanity, in both a literal and figurative sense. While not human himself, Grendel experiences an incessant urge to explore humanity and the communities that compose it, including the Spear-Danes tribe. Through Grendel’s observations of human culture, he develops an understanding of his own monstrous stereotype. In Chapter 6, Grendel finally succumbs to the expectations put forth by human society, which closely parallels the approach taken by Unferth, a celebrated Danish warrior.†¦show more content†¦Gardner emphasizes Unferth’s preference to end his life rather than fall short of his tribe’s heroic standards for him, to convey the inarguably harmful, and potentially fatal, effects of striving to exemplify society’s expectations. Gardner has Unferth immediately promote his epic persona, when meeting Grendel: â€Å"tell them in Hell that Unferth, son of Ecglaf sent you, known far and wide in these Scanian lands as a hero among the Scyldyings† (82). Unferth’s command to â€Å"tell them in Hell† reveals his primary motivation: to spread his heroism, both in the â€Å"Scanian lands† and the underworld. Gardner strategically places Unferth’s self-assured declaration at the beginning of his encounter with Grendel, to efficiently express his core rationale. Gardner contrasts the bravado of Unferth’s initial assertion with the cowardice of his subsequent appeal to be killed by Grendel: â€Å"‘I’ll kill myself,’ [Unferth] whispered. He shook violently now. ‘Up to you,’ [Grendel] answered reasonably, ‘but you’ll admit it may seem at least a trifle cowardly to some’† (90). Un ferth’s threat evidences his inclination to commit suicide, in order to avoid returning to his tribe defeated. Additionally, it indicates that Unferth, the â€Å"hero among the Scyldyings,† cannot bear to be labeled a failure, as one loss might overwrite the legacy that he has constructed. In failing to battle Grendel, Unferth would fail to preserve his persona—heShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Grendel By John Gardner926 Words   |  4 Pagesshows that all assumptions are put to questioning. In the novel â€Å"Grendel† , written John Gardner, We really start to look into the personal thoughts of what most of us would consider a monster. It shows the constant battle of thoughts and feeling going on in his head and hows those thought ties to how he observes the â€Å"wasteful, greedy, and brutal creatures† of which we would know as mankind. In looking at the bigger picture, Grendel is more human like than monster because of how he thinks, sees, observes

Developing Marketing Strategy For Starbucks

Question: Discuss about the Developing Marketing Strategy for Starbucks. Answer: Introduction The report would discuss the marketing strategy of Starbucks through the analysis of 5Cs of the company. The 5Cs would comprise of Company, Customer, Competitor, Collaborator and Customer Requirements. The report would further discuss how Starbucks has maintained its brand image in the changing business environment through its adaptability and innovation. The report would develop a marketing strategy to enter a new potential market with its new product, value proposition and a brand positioning statement. Finally, the report would develop marketing tactics for Starbucks through 7Ps of marketing mix. Starbucks Company Profile Starbucks is a premier coffee company with its coffeehouse chain all over the world. It is a US based company with its operating stores located in US, China, Canada, Japan, South Korea, UK, Australia, India etc. Starbucks has been able attract its customers through its premium quality coffee, affordable and luxurious infrastructure, customer engagement and innovation and adaptability (Starbucks, 2016). Starbucks mission is to inspire and nurture the human spirit one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time. (Starbucks, 2016). With its every cup of coffee, it thrives to bring an exceptional experience to life (Starbucks Australia, 2016). The company assures that it delivers the best quality of coffee by maintaining the sourcing of coffee beans. The mission clearly signifies that the company believes in creating a great experience through its premium quality services and luxurious ambience (Reinhard, 2016). Starbucks effectively uses relationship marketing through social media and Starbucks idea website. It employs 5R marketing strategy approach through social media marketing for continuous customer engagement. Recognize, Relevant Offer, Reveal, Redeem and Reward is the 5R strategy approach which helps in attracting its customer through exciting and amazing offers (Simon, 2009). Starbucks provides a unique Starbucks Customer Experience through its great execution of services and luxurious infrastructure (Starbucks, 2016). Since its inception, it has been evolving its marketing strategies to develop a personal relationship with its customers through its rich caf experience (Yeshin, 2012). Initially, Starbucks started its business operations through selling coffee beans and equipments which was evolved with the idea to sell coffee and espresso drinks. The products of Starbucks include different flavors of coffee and tea such as brewed coffee, caffe latte, cappuccino, caffe misto, chai tea, tea latte, English breakfast tea etc. Its iced beverages menu includes iced Americano, iced caff mocha etc. Apart from beverages it also serves fresh food such as cakes and pastries, sandwiches etc (Schultz, 2011). Coffee industry is one of the growing industries in Australia and has grown over the past five years. There are many players in the industry such as Dunkin Donuts, Seattles Best, Folgers etc. Starbucks has shown its authority over the other players through its premium pricing policy (Schultz, 2012). Analysis of 5Cs of Starbucks Strength of Starbucks The strength of Starbucks is that it has built its strong brand name over the years and has been able to maintain its loyal customers through that. The company has created its extensive global supply chain all over the world though its increasing loyal customers. In spite of companys increasing prices, it has been able to attract customers from all over the world. Apart from that it is also able to maintain its business through diversification and acquiring subsidiaries. Its innovative and adaptive marketing strategy allows it to engage its customers (Yeshin, 2012). The key resources of Starbucks are manpower and retail store. Manpower: Starbucks has very well employed its manpower by accumulating well trained employees in the company. Every single employee from the level of front staff service to the manager level staff is trained (Schultz, 2012). Retail Store: Starbucks has its retail stores operating all over the world. The strategic location for a retail store is an asset for the company which has allowed to company to dominate over the coffee industry (Percy, 2008). Apart from the above resources, companys brand name adds to its value in the market and has allowed building a sustainable business model. Its unique Starbucks experience concept combined with its innovative marketing strategies such as Starbucks idea has maintained its brand equity through continuous customer engagement (Percy, 2008). Weakness Starbucks employs premium pricing policy which only attracts high class consumers and the remaining low class consumers which comprises of a large population is left out. The products of Starbucks are generalized which does not allow market penetration. It does not use the concept of the country or the city to attract the customer rather employs a generalized corporate concept which can be easily copied by other organizations (Simon, 2009). Opportunities Starbucks has its coffee chain across the globe but still it has scope for further expansion in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Through product diversification and adapting the cultural values of the respective region, it can expand itself in the location of Asia which has great future prospect in terms of companys growth. This would give company a competitive edge over its competitors. Further, it has scope for partnering with other firms or making joint alliances is also a considerable option (Simon, 2009). Threats Starbucks premium policy allow to serve only high class consumers, the remaining low class are served by its competitors such as Dunkin Donuts, McDonald etc. Starbucks faces tough competition from its competitors and finds it extremely challenging to attract low class consumers (Simon, 2009). Customer Analysis Starbucks key customers are high class consumers who are not price sensitive and are not affected by the price hikes of the Starbucks. During a recession or severe crises, they do not bother to pay high price for a coffee. They rather find it very affordable due to its luxurious environment and infrastructure (Conlon, 2015). Though, Starbucks has also started serving low class consumers through its low priced products. Collaborators Starbucks sources its raw material from suppliers and farmers who grow and produce these products. This is the best method of sourcing because it maintains the quality of the product and maintain long term sustainability of the premium products that Starbucks offers. The Arabica coffee, cocoa, tea or other manufactured goods are all sourced from these suppliers (Starbucks Australia, 2016). Starbucks has designed its multiple distribution networks very strategically in order to reach a wider market. Starbucks has its own retail stores all across the globe through which the company imports and processes coffee and sells it under its own brand name. Starbucks also supplies its product to supermarket and groceries. Apart from that its products are supplied to hotels, airlines and coffee suppliers (Conlon, 2015). Competitors Its competitors are Dunkin Donuts, McDonalds, Costa Express. Starbucks faces tough competition from them because of their low prices. They are able to attract low class consumer which comprises of a large population. The coffee industry has low market entry barriers and thus, there is always a threat of new entrants to the industry. Though the probability of new entrants is high, Starbucks would not be affected by them because of its strong brand name in the coffee industry (Groth Lubin, 2011). PEST Analysis Political Factors The political factors include adhering to the laws and regulations of the country in terms of sourcing raw materials so as to not violate any social or environmental norm. The other political factors can involve tax policy and employment laws of the country (Schultz, 2012). Economical Factors The great recession is the key economic factor and has declined the sales of Starbucks because of the customers switching to other less expensive options. Apart from that the labor and operational costs are also rising continuously. Other economic factors could be taxation, exchange rates of local currency and the environment of the country (Groth Lubin, 2011). Socio-Cultural Factors The socio-cultural factors refer to the changing lifestyles of the people and their changing buying behavior. Starbucks would have to degrade its quality in order offer less expensive products to the customers. Then there are green and ethical chic customers and Starbucks would have to make sure that its products align with the customer requirement (Sokolowski, 2013). Technological Factors Starbucks adaptability approach has allowed it to enjoy the benefits of emerging technologies such as social media, smart phones, iphones etc. It internet facilities in the retail stores gives it an edge over the competitors. The other technological factors are emerging innovative technology, agricultural development and developments in the biotechnological fields (Schultz, 2012). Legal Factors The legal factors could regulations for product safety and employment regulations. Product safety regulations by the government are beneficial for Starbucks as it would help it to maintain its product quality. On the other hand employment regulations could pose some restrictions on Starbucks access to labor market. Environmental Factors Environmental factors are maintaining a sustainable framework, taking responsibility for sourcing of the material and promoting products which are eco friendly. All of them are beneficial for Starbucks and would help to achieve its goals and objectives Customers Requirement Analysis Starbucks collects the information regarding the customer requirement from various sources and Starbucks idea is one such source. Starbucks idea is a website which allows to chat the customer with company employees. It is an open platform where a customer can share what changes or improvement could be carried out in the company to ensure customer delight (Sokolowski, 2013). Apart from this, it also actively uses social media network to stay connected to its customer through facebook, google plus, twitter etc. Apart from that a customer can also leave a note in the retail store of Starbucks to share his personal experience with the Starbucks. This way Starbucks extensively uses market research to ensure that customer requirement are fulfilled (Sokolowski, 2013). Competitors Analysis The key competitors of Starbucks are Dunkin Donuts and McDonalds who are posing threat to the company. The company has a specific department for gathering the market data of its competitors. The company collects data through its customers and distributors who gives an idea about the performance of other players in the industry, published annual reports, industry reports etc (Groth Lubin, 2011). Analyzing the Changing Business Context Starbucks has been very responsive to the changing business environment through its adaptability and innovative approach. The company makes extensive use of social media network, dedicated website and customer feedback to stay updated with the current business trends and requirements of the customers. Its presence on Facebook, Twitter and other social media network has allowed interaction with the customers and receive a feedback directly from the customer. Its dedicated Starbucks idea website ensures that it meets the needs and requirement of the customer through feedback and suggestions from their end (Reid Plank, 2004). Since its inception it has evolved with its innovative marketing strategies such as the concept of 5Rs which excites customer through attractive offers by directly reaching their email boxes (Reid Plank, 2004). Collaborators Role Starbucks uses ethical sourcing to obtain its raw materials such as tea, coffee and employs responsible farmer purchasing practices. This allows it to maintain its premium quality of its products and build a long term supply of the premium products. The company critically evaluates the quality of the material through its third party verification organizations. The company continuously engages with its stakeholders, suppliers and farmers to maintain the premium quality of the product and improve its practices. The company continuously seeks feedback and responses from its suppliers and distributors for the market research (Floor, 2006). The retail stores of Starbucks are one of the key sources of distribution and take feedback from the customers regarding their experience with the Starbucks. The company also gathers information regarding the same from the hotels and airlines where it supplies it products. Developing Marketing Strategy Starbucks has its operational stores across the globe but still has a scope for expansion in the Asian market. The Asian market has a growing economy which would help the company to maximize its profits. India is the potential market in Asia with its huge population size and great demand for the product. Though there are few retail stores in India as well but they all are franchise stores. Indias socio cultural factors would greatly support for a complete set up of the company. Low labor cost and availability of resources are the great benefits of the market. Starbucks can target the higher middle class segment which comprises of the major population in India. Starbucks would have to launch a new product with low price in order to compete with other brands such as Dunkin Donuts, CCD, Costa, Barista etc. The target market would comprise of working class corporate who are looking for a great coffee along with luxurious and affordable infrastructure. The corporate professionals staying away from their families look for a place to hang out with their friends and colleagues and even families sometimes (McDonald, 2007). This new product would be especially designed to meet the requirements of the customers. Low prices would act as a value proposition for the customers because they would get a unique Starbucks experience for affordable prices. Target Market: Corporate executives who work in multinational companies and are currently the customers of Dunkin Donuts and Costa and Barista. They look for affordable and well maintained cafes and restaurants to have a quality time with their friends and colleagues. This way they can have their business meetings at Starbucks at very affordable prices (McDonald, 2007). Value Proposition: Offering Starbucks premium quality at affordable prices. Positioning Statement: Corporate executives can now enjoy a cup of Starbucks coffee everyday with their friends and colleagues at affordable prices. Come at Starbucks to spend a valuable time with your friends and colleagues (Floor, 2006). Developing Marketing Tactics through Marketing Mix Product: An affordable Starbucks coffee would attract huge number of customer executives. They would prefer Starbucks for business meetings above any other brand because of its strong brand name and affordable prices would be a value proposition for them. Place: Starbucks can open its stores near the offices of multinational companies where the corporate executives find it easy to reach (Kubicki, 2015). Price: The prices of Starbucks would be brought down so as to compete with its competitors and provide an affordable coffee to its target market of corporate executives. Promotion: Starbucks can promote through Social Media and Email Marketing which are strong tools of marketing. It can send an email to all the executives to give them great deals and offers for their business meetings at Starbucks. Using 5Rs strategy, it can promote its product through email marketing (Blakeman, 2014). People: Starbucks can easily hire front office staff and employees but would have to maintain its brand image through the right people because the front office staff would be responsible for carrying out great services. The staff should be well mannered and trained so as to attend the customers tactfully (Ang, 2014). Processes: Starbucks would have to ensure its great service execution that it has been maintaining over a period of time. It would have to deliver great services so as to maintain its unique Starbucks experience (Kubicki, 2015). Physical Evidence: Starbucks would have to ensure its great infrastructure so as to cater the corporate executives. Well maintained infrastructure would attract the executives for their business meetings and quality time with friends (Blakeman, 2014). Conclusion The report has thus, discussed and analyzed the marketing strategy of Starbucks and how it has positioned itself over the years. The report has thoroughly discussed and analyzed the 5Cs of the company and identified the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities of the company. PEST analysis helps to evaluate the external factors impacting the company. The report then develops a marketing strategy for Starbucks through analyzing India as its potential target market because of its huge population and growing economy. The discussion further extends to value proposition of an affordable priced product of the Starbucks with corporate executives as it target. It further discusses the 7Ps of marketing mix to develop marketing tactics for the proposed target market. Starbucks can attract its target audience by opening its stores nearby the corporate offices so as to attract the target audience for business meetings and quality time with friends. References Ang, L. (2014). Integrated Marketing Communications:A focus on new technologies and advanced theories. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. Blakeman, R. (2014). Integrated Marketing Communication:Creative Strategy from Idea to Implementation. US: Rowman Littlefield. Clifton, R. (2009). Brands and Branding. UK: Profile Books Ltd. Conlon, J. (2015). 5 Things I Learned Building The Starbucks Brand. Branding Strategy Insider. Available at: https://www.brandingstrategyinsider.com/2015/10/5-things-i-learned-building-the-starbucks-brand.html#.WFikwVV97IU [Accessed 19 December 2016] East, R., Singh, J., Wright, M., Vanhuele, M. (2016). Consumer Behaviour:Applications in Marketing. California: SAGE. Floor, K. (2006). Branding a Store:How to Build Successful Retail Brands in a Changing Marketplace. London: Kogan Page Publishers. Groth, A Lubin, G. (2011). 11 Things Starbucks Does Better Than Almost Any Competitor. Business Insider. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Deficit Financing International Journal of Accounting Research

Question: Describe about the Deficit Financing: International Journal of Accounting Research? Answer: Introduction Exchanged rate is the rate at which one currency is exchanged with some other currency. The value of exchange rate is influenced by various factors such as inflation, balance of trade, public finance, interest rate, etc. Every country tries to keep a control on its home currency so as to prevent its value from depreciating. Gross Domestic Product refers to the monetary value of final good and services produced within the domestic territory of the country. Country Analysis 1. The GDP of India in the year 2013 was 1876.80 billion US dollars. India is the second largest populated country. It accounts for around 17.5 per cent of total worlds population. The population of India was marked to be around 1,276,401,849 in the year 2014.(Patnaik, 2013) The GDP growth rate of India from 1951-2014 is marked to be around 5.83 per cent.(Pandey, 2012) The graph of Balance of trade of India for past 5 years is: The graph of Inflation rate of India for past 5 years is: 2. Lower Inflation rate increases or exerts an upward pressure on the countrys currency value, as the total purchasing power of that country increases. Thus the inflation rate of India is comparatively low in 2014 as compared to last four years which thus increases its currency value. More is the demand for foreign currency lesser is the value of home currency. Deficit Financing decreases the value of home currency. Since the value of balance of trade is deficit, and it keeps on increasing over the last five years, it exerts a downward pressure on the exchange rate of the Indian currency. (A.Sunday, 2013) Exchange Rate Overview 2(a) Graph showing the 5 year historical exchange rate between the US dollar (USD) and Indian currency. 2(b) On Jan 28, 2015, 1 US dollar = 0.01630258 rupee. 2(c ) Let us take the bid/ask price for a particular day i.e. 44.075/44.125 Therefore, spread percentage= {(44.125-44.075)/44.125}*100 = 0.11% 2(d) As per our above findings, we draw this interpretation that the rate of exchange of rupee with US dollar in a decreasing trend. No, it does not match with our initial expectation. We expected our home currency value to be on an increasing trend rather to be on the decreasing trend. (Nagendran, 2008) Country Influence On Exchange Rate 3(a) A country should intervene in its exchange rate mechanism due to the following reasons: To control the depreciating exchange rate: a country may intervene in its exchange rate mechanism to prevent its currency from depreciating. This can be done by buying local currency through using some of the countrys foreign exchange reserve. To control the level of inflation: Higher the level of inflation of a country, lower is the value of currency of that particular country. Thus a country may intervene to control the level of inflation in order to control its currency from depreciating.(JAYACHANDRAN, 2013) To control negative balance of trade: Negative balance of trade increases the demand for foreign currency and reduces the value of the home currency. A country may intervene in its exchange rate mechanism to control the deficit balance of payment and to generate surplus by increasing the level of export and reducing the level of import.(Mirchandani, 2012) 3(b) The primary mechanisms that governments have to undergo in order to influence their currencys exchange rate are as follows: Change in Bank Rate: Government in order to manage the exchange rate mechanism keeps a control on the bank borrowing and lending rate. Government through its apex bank increases the bank rate when the level of inflation is increased in the country. As the higher inflation level puts a downward pressure on the countrys exchange rate. Export Promotion: The value of exchange rate can be increased by increasing the level of export. Government reduces various export duties so as to encourage exports. Government also gives cash assistance and subsidies to exporters to stimulate the level of export. Various facilities like quality control, provision of market information and arranging exhibitions of exportable goods in foreign countries are also given to promote exports.(Pettinger, 2012) Production of import substitutes: Steps are taken up by the government to encourage the production of import substitutes. This will help to save the amount of foreign exchange in the short run by replacing the use of imports by these import substitutes. Fiscal Policy: It aimed at reducing the total government expenditure which helps in the exchange rate mechanism. An increase in direct taxes will reduce the disposable income of the people. This will lead to a reduction of consumption and a decrease of imports. A cut in government expenditure will have the same effect of reducing the demand for imported goods. (Neely, 2004) 3(c ) India intervenes in its exchange rate mechanism. Some of the measures or steps taken to manage the exchange rate are as follows: Since independence central bank of India has been changing its bank rate several times till now. Central bank increases the bank rate when inflation increases in the country. Again when downward tendencies are observed, central bank attempts to bring the economy of our country to stable condition.(Mittal, 2012) Fiscal policy has been introduced by the Indian government to cut the level of government total expenditure and to manage the exchange rate mechanism effectively. Measure such as buying and selling of securities in open market has been adopted by Indian government in order to effectively manage the exchange rate of Indian currency. Indian government is tapping more into foreign market by expanding the level of export and reducing the level of import. It helps to increase the value of Indian currency in foreign market.(Rishipal, 2012) Conclusion Every country should adopt all necessary measures in order to control the deficit financing and an increase in the rate of inflation so as to prevent their value of currency from depreciating. All necessary fiscal and monetary measures should be adopted and new reform measures should be introduced in order to effectively manage the exchange rate mechanism. References A.Sunday, O. (2013). Deficit Financing. International Journal of Accounting Research , 4-10. JAYACHANDRAN. (2013). Impact of exchnage rate on trade and GDP. International Journal of Marketing, Financial Services Management Research , 1-10. Mirchandani, A. (2012). Determinants of Exchange rate. International journal of Economics and financial Issues , 1-5. Mittal, A. K. (2012). FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET IN INDIA: . GIAN JYOTI E-JOURNAL , 3-9. Nagendran, R. (2008). Study of foreign exchnage rate volatility in India. Journal of contemprory research management , 1-2. Neely, C. J. (2004). Foreign exchange Intervention. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ST. LOUIS , 1-6. Pandey, A. K. (2012). India's GDP Performance. Free Press Journal , 1-3. Patnaik, A. (2013). Study of Inflation in India. International Research Journal of Social science , 1-5. Pettinger, T. (2012). Government intervenes in exchange management. Economics , 1-1. Rishipal, D. (2012). Foreign Exchange Management during fluctuating exchange rate. International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology , 2-11.